index for inclusion


index for inclusion



When and how has the Index been translated and adapted?

The Norwegian version, Inkluderingshåndboka (‘handbook of inclusion’) was published in 2001 as part of a national inclusive education research project by researchers at Hedmark University College (Kari Nes and Marit Strømstad). Adaptations are minor. This was the first translation from English of the Index. For further details see Nes and Strømstad (2005)


How has the Index been disseminated?

Dissemination was done through seminars, conference presentations, courses for teachers and other staff and through education programmes at universities/colleges.  An internet site has been established too, but it is not well developed.


How has the Index been used in Norway? 

The Index is not widely used in Norway. However, in some schools and municipalities as well as in the inclusive education discourse in institutions of higher education concepts from the book have made a lasting impact. One example is the notion of 'barriers to learning and participation/ support learning and participation' which is used by schools and LEAs in surveying and action plans. Schools report that looking more broadly at all kinds of barriers to learning and participation has made them more conscious. 'It has forced us to take all students into consideration, not only those categorised', said one teacher.


Several masters theses have been produced which refer to, or explore the use of, the Index.


When it came, the Index supported and concretised the interpretation of inclusion in the national curriculum in Norway, and it still does. 


For further information see Nes and Strømstad (2005) and Nes (2009).


Future plans for work with the Index

There has been ongoing work updating the Norwegian version of the Index, involving partners from several institutions, starting even before the third English edition. Elements from that edition are included in the updating, but the idea is to work out a separate part with the sustainable curricula from the Index.  Unfortunately there has been a halt in the work due to sick leave and lack of funding, but the plan is to continue the work.


Links to websites for projects and settings making use of the Index and related initiatives in Norway

PERL: The Partnership for Education and Research about Responsible Living (

PERL is a partnership of educators and researchers from over 120 institutions in more than 50 countries–working to empower citizens to live responsible and sustainable lifestyles. The hosting institution is Hedmark University College, Norway.  The 2011 version of the Index for Inclusion was presented at a PERL conference in 2012.  We will continue the dialogue with PERL about a Norwegian version of the sustainable curricula of the Index.


Who should I contact?

Kari Nes
Professor of Education
Faculty of Education and Natural Sciences,  Campus Hamar
Hedmark University College
N-2418 Elverum

Tel +47 62517741

Mob +47 95779402