Non-violence requires listening to, and understanding, the point of view of others and weighing up the strength of arguments, including one’s own. It does not mean we get rid of all conflict. It requires the development of skills of negotiation, mediation and conflict resolution in children and adults. It requires adults to model non-violence in their own conduct. Within communities of equals, disputes are resolved through dialogue rather than coercion derived from differences in status and physical strength.
Bullying happens when people abuse their power in order to make another feel vulnerable, physically or psychologically. The harassment and bullying of people because of their ethnicity, gender, disability, age, sexual orientation, beliefs and religion are all forms of violence.
A commitment to non-violence may involve challenging ways of resolving conflicts associated with some versions of masculinity and hence a need to offer alternative routes to a robust male identity.