Courage is often required to stand against the weight of convention, power and authority or the views and cultures of one’s group; to think one’s own thoughts and speak one’s mind.
Greater personal courage may be necessary to stand up for oneself or others where there is no culture of mutual support or it has been eroded. What is called whistle-blowing, speaking out about malpractice in one’s organisation and risking loss of advancement, employment or friendship, generally requires courage.
Inclusive loyalty is to the wider community and to the most vulnerable within it. Courage may be involved in counteracting discrimination by acknowledging it, naming it and then acting against it.